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Building Construction : staircase

The staircase is an important component of a building providing access to different floors and roof of the building. It consists of a flight of steps (stairs) and one or more intermediate landing slabs between the floor levels. Different types of staircases can be made by arranging stairs and landing slabs. Iron staircase one of the most important types using for homes and buildings…

Stairs and Ramps

For access between floors and different levels in buildings a ladder, stair or ramp is used.

Lifts and escalators are also used for vertical circulation


A ladder is made as a series of narrow horizontal steps (rungs), fixed between two uprights of wood or metal, on which a person usually ascends (climbs up) or descends (climbs down) facing the ladder.

A ladder may be fixed in an upright, vertical position or more usually at a slight angle to the vertical for ease of use

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